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Blood is made up by a combination of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in plasma. A person’s blood group is identified by antibodies and antigens in the blood.
Antibodies are proteins found in plasma and make up a part of your body’s natural defence system. They work by recognising foreign substances, alerting your immune system and destroying them. Antigens are protein molecules found on the surface of red blood cells.
There are a number of scenarios where a person can need a blood transfusion and to ensure total compatibility between blood transfusion receivers and donors, blood grouping reagents are used to identify blood types. There are 30 major blood group systems, however, the most important blood groups in transfusions are the ABO blood group system and the RhD blood group system.
If a person receives a blood transfusion from the wrong blood group, the persons antibodies will attack the incompatible antibodies and it can prove to be life threatening.
Fortress Diagnostics offers both traditional methods and new techniques to identify the major and rare blood grouping types. Our high-quality blood grouping reagents and gel cards are accurate, easy to use, competitively priced, and conveniently offered in different sizes in order to meet the needs of our distributors, blood banks, clinics, hospital laboratories and transfusion centres across the world.
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