29 September, 2021
World Heart Day aims to shed a light on cardiovascular disease and how to prevent it. 17.9 million people died from cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in 2019 worldwide, meaning CVD was the world’s most common cause of death, followed by cancer. In line with World Heart Day it is important to note the importance of a healthy heart and the risks that come with an unhealthy lifestyle.
Cardiovascular disease, (CVD) is a range of illnesses and disorders relating to the heart and blood vessels. This blanket term is used to describe the following diseases, (WHO):
- Coronary heart disease
- Heart attack and stroke
- Cerebrovascular disease
- Peripheral arterial disease
- Rheumatic heart disease
- Congenital heart disease
- Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism
Symptoms of each disease and condition vary. It is important to refer to your doctor or medical professional for definite symptoms of each illness, (NHS).
CVDs are caused by a plaque-like substance builds up on the sides of the arteries. This build up narrows the arteries and makes it harder for blood to travel through. This makes blood clotting more likely and could in turn, block the blood flow, (Heart.org). The causes of cardiovascular disease can range from many unhealthy lifestyle choices. The risk factors associated with CVDs include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, inactivity, obesity, smoking and excessive drinking.
There are many ways to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease. A low-fat, high-fibre diet is recommended, which should include plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables and whole grains, (NHS). CVD risk is also lowered when the individual does not smoke or gives up smoking. Reducing alcohol consumption is also recommended. Overall, a healthy lifestyle and weight is recommended to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, (Harvard T.H. Chan).
When an individual becomes unwell with cardiovascular disease, they are taken into hospital and treated in a timely manner to reduce risk and long-term effects of the disease. 1 in 5 people who are admitted to hospital require a blood transfusion. This need for blood transfusions are significantly higher when a person is admitted to hospital with CVD. With the numbers of people falling ill with cardiovascular disease, the hospital admission rate has increased dramatically. Therefore, blood transfusion is essential to increase the chance of survival and full recovery. Fortress Diagnostics offer Westfield Health care to all employees to keep on top of their mental and physical health. Fortress also offer a wide range of blood grouping reagents and blood grouping gel cards to help save the lives of those in need. For more information or to receive a quote regarding our product range, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.